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A Comprehensive Guide to Iceland Waterfalls


Iceland Waterfalls

Welcome to the land of fire and ice, where the dramatic landscape never ceases to amaze. Iceland, with its diverse natural beauty, offers visitors an incredible array of stunning sights.

Among these captivating scenes, the Iceland waterfalls hold a special place. With their raw power and mesmerizing beauty, waterfalls in Iceland have captured the hearts of travelers from around the globe.

Whether you're a first-time visitor or a seasoned Iceland traveler, this guide will help you discover and explore the best waterfalls in Iceland. With detailed information on each waterfall, a waterfalls in Iceland map, and tips on how to make the most of your visit, you'll be well-prepared for an unforgettable journey.

An Iceland’s Waterfalls Overview

In this section, we're going to dive into the captivating story behind the formation of Iceland's waterfalls and give you a glimpse of the sheer number of these amazing falls that adorn this extraordinary country. As you learn about the geology and creation of these awe-inspiring wonders, you'll develop a deeper appreciation for them as you traverse the breathtaking land of fire and ice.

How were Iceland Waterfalls Formed?


Geology and Glaciers


Iceland's unique geological history and location on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge have contributed to the formation of its countless waterfalls. The island is situated on the boundary of the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates, which are constantly moving apart, causing volcanic activity and the creation of new landforms.

The presence of glaciers also plays a significant role in the formation of Iceland's waterfalls. As glaciers melt, the meltwater carves its way through the landscape, often resulting in dramatic waterfalls. These glacier-fed rivers and streams contribute to the sheer number and diversity of Iceland's waterfalls.

Iceland's waterfall

Volcanic and Geothermal Activity

Iceland's high levels of volcanic and geothermal activity contribute to the creation of its waterfalls as well. The heat from the Earth's mantle melts the ice and snow, and the subsequent water flows over the rugged terrain, creating spectacular waterfalls.

Moreover, the volcanic eruptions lead to the formation of various types of rock layers, which give rise to the diverse array of waterfalls in Iceland. For instance, some falls cascade over basalt columns, while others flow over layers of lava and ash.

Geology of Iceland's waterfalls

How Many Waterfalls are there in Iceland?

Estimating the exact number of waterfalls in Iceland is challenging due to the country's ever-changing landscape, seasonal variations, and the presence of numerous hidden or lesser-known falls. However, it is widely believed that there are well over 10,000 waterfalls scattered across the island. This impressive figure makes Iceland one of the countries with the highest density of waterfalls in the world.

Top Waterfalls to Visit

Iceland is home to a vast number of waterfalls, each unique in its own way. As we mentioned before, there seems to be over 10,000 waterfalls in Iceland, ranging from small cascades to powerful giants. In this section, we will focus on ten of the most famous waterfalls in Iceland that you should not miss.


Located in the Golden Circle, Gullfoss is one of the most popular and iconic waterfalls in Iceland. The Hvítá River plunges over two tiers, creating an impressive spectacle. The name "Gullfoss" translates to "Golden Falls," which is fitting due to the golden hue the waterfall takes on during sunny days. With its accessibility and stunning beauty, Gullfoss is a must-visit destination on your Iceland trip.

Gullfoss waterfall


Situated along the southern coast, Skógafoss is a majestic waterfall that boasts a 60-meter (200-foot) drop. This powerful cascade is known for the rainbows that often appear on sunny days, making it a photographer's dream. Hikers can also climb the stairs to the top for an incredible view of the waterfall and the surrounding landscape.

Skogafoss waterfall


Just a short drive from Skógafoss, you'll find Seljalandsfoss, another one of the famous waterfalls in southern Iceland. Seljalandsfoss is unique because visitors can walk behind the waterfall for a different perspective. Be prepared to get a little wet, but the experience is well worth it. As one of the waterfalls near Reykjavík, Iceland, Seljalandsfoss is an easy addition to your itinerary.

Seljalandsfoss, Iceland


Nestled within the picturesque Vatnajökull National Park, Svartifoss is a striking waterfall surrounded by dark, hexagonal basalt columns that inspired its name, which means "Black Falls." The contrast between the white water and the dark basalt creates a dramatic scene that draws hikers and photographers alike. The hike to Svartifoss takes about 45 minutes and offers excellent views of the surrounding landscape.

Svartifoss waterfall


Located in the northeastern part of Iceland, Dettifoss holds the title of the most powerful waterfall in Europe. Fed by the glacial waters of the Vatnajökull ice cap, Dettifoss has a staggering flow rate that generates an immense display of force and beauty. The waterfall's power can be felt as you stand on the viewing platforms, making it a must-visit destination for anyone exploring the northern parts of Iceland.

Dettifoss waterfall


Another gem of North Iceland, Goðafoss, or the "Waterfall of the Gods," is both stunning and historically significant. With a width of 30 meters (98 feet) and a drop of 12 meters (39 feet), Goðafoss may not be the tallest or widest waterfall in Iceland, but its unique horseshoe shape and historical importance make it a must-see.

Goðafoss is said to be the site where, in 1000 AD, the Icelandic chieftain Þorgeir threw his pagan idols into the water, symbolizing the country's conversion to Christianity.

Godafoss waterfall


Hraunfossar, or the "Lava Falls," is a series of small waterfalls in West Iceland that emerge from a porous lava field and flow into the Hvítá River. The turquoise water contrasts beautifully with the dark lava rock, creating a serene and picturesque scene. Hraunfossar may not be as well-known as some of the other waterfalls on this list, but its unique beauty makes it worth a visit.

Hraunfossar, Iceland


As the second-highest waterfall in Iceland, Glymur stands at an impressive height of 198 meters (650 feet). Located in a narrow canyon in West Iceland, Glymur requires a moderately challenging hike to reach, but the reward is a breathtaking view of the waterfall and its surroundings. The hike takes approximately 3-4 hours round trip and includes some river crossings, so be prepared for an adventure.

Glymur, Iceland


Haifoss, or the "High Falls," is one of the tallest waterfalls in Iceland, with a drop of 122 meters (400 feet). Situated in the Þjórsárdalur valley in South Iceland, Haifoss offers a dramatic landscape of rugged cliffs and vibrant green moss. The waterfall is best reached by a 4x4 vehicle, followed by a short hike to the viewing area.

Haifoss, Iceland waterfall


Although relatively small compared to other waterfalls on this list, Kirkjufellsfoss is famous for its picture-perfect backdrop of Kirkjufell mountain. Located on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula in West Iceland, this waterfall is a photographer's dream, especially during sunrise or sunset. The combination of the waterfall, the mountain, and the sky creates a stunning scene that you'll want to capture.


Off the Beaten Path Waterfalls: Hidden Gems

While the most famous waterfalls in Iceland are undeniably breathtaking, the country also boasts many lesser-known waterfalls that offer incredible beauty and a more intimate experience. In this section, we'll explore five hidden gems worth adding to your Icelandic waterfall adventure.


Located in the remote highlands of North Iceland, Aldeyjarfoss is a beautiful waterfall that combines the power of cascading water with stunning basalt columns. Surrounded by rugged lava fields, Aldeyjarfoss is a bit more challenging to reach, requiring a 4x4 vehicle and a sense of adventure. However, the journey is well worth it, as you'll be rewarded with a spectacular sight and fewer crowds.

Aldeyjarfoss, Iceland waterfall


Tucked away in East Iceland, Hengifoss is the third-highest waterfall in the country, with a drop of 128 meters (420 feet). Known for its striking red clay and black basalt strata, Hengifoss offers a unique and colorful sight. The hike to the waterfall takes around 2 hours round trip, providing ample opportunity to appreciate the natural beauty of the area.

Hengifoss waterfall, Iceland


Situated in the remote Westfjords, Dynjandi is a series of waterfalls that cascade down a mountainside, creating a beautiful and dramatic scene. The main waterfall, also called Dynjandi, resembles a bridal veil, with a total height of 100 meters (328 feet). The journey to Dynjandi may be long, but the breathtaking beauty of this waterfall and the surrounding fjords make it an unforgettable experience.

Dynjandi, Iceland waterfall


Located within the historical Þingvellir National Park, Öxarárfoss is a modest yet picturesque waterfall. Fed by the Öxará River, the waterfall drops 20 meters (66 feet) into a rocky pool. Öxarárfoss is easily accessible by a short walk from the park's main parking area, making it a convenient stop while exploring the park's cultural and geological significance.

Öxarárfoss, Iceland


Discovered in 2007, Morsárfoss is currently Iceland's tallest waterfall, with an estimated height of 240 meters (787 feet). Located in the southeastern part of the Vatnajökull National Park, Morsárfoss is not easily accessible, requiring a long hike or a guided tour. Nonetheless, for the dedicated adventurer, the experience of witnessing Iceland's tallest waterfall is undoubtedly memorable.

Morsárfoss, Iceland

Best Times to Visit Iceland Waterfalls

Iceland's waterfalls are beautiful year-round, but the experience can vary depending on the season. In this section, we'll explore the unique aspects of each season and the best times to visit the waterfalls.


Summer is the most popular time for visiting Iceland, thanks to long days, mild weather, and lush, green landscapes. The Midnight Sun provides ample daylight for exploring, and the waterfalls are at their most powerful due to glacial melt. However, expect larger crowds at popular waterfalls during this peak season.

Waterfalls in Iceland: summer


As the summer crowds dissipate and the landscape transitions to vibrant shades of red, orange, and yellow, autumn offers a beautiful backdrop for Iceland's waterfalls. With cooler temperatures and shorter days, it's essential to plan your visits accordingly, but the stunning fall scenery is well worth the effort.

Iceland's waterfalls: Fall


Winter in Iceland can be challenging, with cold temperatures, limited daylight, and potentially harsh weather conditions. However, the beauty of Iceland's waterfalls draped in ice and snow is truly enchanting. Some waterfalls may be more challenging to access in winter, so it's crucial to research and plan your visit accordingly.

Kirkjufellsfoss, winter


As Iceland emerges from its winter slumber, spring brings longer days, blooming wildflowers, and the return of migrating birds. With snowmelt from the mountains, the waterfalls are at their most powerful, making for an impressive display. As the high season has not yet started, spring can be an ideal time to visit if you prefer fewer crowds and a slightly cooler climate.

Iceland's waterfall: spring

Comparing the Seasons

Each season in Iceland has its unique charm, making it challenging to choose the best time to visit the waterfalls. Here is a comparison of the seasons to help you decide:

  • Summer: Long days, mild weather, lush landscapes, powerful waterfalls, but more crowded.
  • Autumn: Vibrant fall colors, cooler temperatures, fewer crowds, but shorter days.
  • Winter: Snowy and icy landscapes, enchanting frozen waterfalls, possible Northern Lights sightings, but challenging weather conditions and limited daylight.
  • Spring: Blooming wildflowers, powerful waterfalls, longer days, and fewer crowds, but slightly cooler temperatures.

Essential Tips for Waterfall Explorers

To make the most of your Iceland waterfall adventure, it's crucial to be prepared and knowledgeable about the best practices for exploring these natural wonders. In this section, we'll provide essential tips for a safe and enjoyable experience.

 Safety Tips

  • Stay on designated paths and respect any barriers or signs.
  • Wear appropriate footwear with good traction, as the ground near waterfalls can be slippery.
  • Check the weather forecast before venturing out, and be prepared for sudden changes in weather.
  • Carry a fully charged mobile phone and share your itinerary with someone.
  • In winter, some waterfalls may be difficult to access due to snow and ice. Research ahead and consider joining a guided tour if necessary.

safety tips for waterfalls, Iceland

Photography Tips

  • Bring a waterproof camera or a protective cover for your camera, as spray from the waterfalls can be strong.
  • A tripod can be helpful for long exposures, which can create a silky effect on the waterfall.
  • Early morning or late afternoon light can provide the best conditions for photography, as well as fewer crowds.
  • Experiment with different perspectives, such as capturing the waterfall from a distance or up close, to showcase its size and power.

Responsible Tourism and Environmental Awareness

  • Practice "leave no trace" principles by packing out any trash and staying on designated trails.
  • Avoid disturbing wildlife and plant life around the waterfalls.
  • Respect local customs and traditions, and be courteous to other visitors.

Preparing for the Weather

Iceland's weather can be unpredictable, so it's essential to dress in layers and bring waterproof and windproof clothing. Additionally, a hat, gloves, and a scarf can help keep you warm, especially during the colder months.

Iceland waterfall guide

Staying Hydrated and Fueled

Bring a reusable water bottle and snacks to stay hydrated and energized during your waterfall explorations. Iceland's tap water is safe to drink and delicious, so you can refill your bottle at your accommodations or in public spaces.

Planning Your Iceland Waterfall Itinerary

With so many beautiful waterfalls to choose from, planning your Iceland itinerary can be both exciting and overwhelming. In this section, we'll provide some guidance to help you create a memorable trip:

Suggested Itineraries

  • Golden Circle: Gullfoss, Öxarárfoss, and nearby attractions such as Geysir and Þingvellir National Park.
  • South Coast: Seljalandsfoss, Skógafoss, Haifoss, and other highlights such as the black sand beach at Reynisfjara and Vatnajökull National Park.
  • North Iceland: Dettifoss, Goðafoss, Aldeyjarfoss, and nearby attractions such as Lake Mývatn and Akureyri, the capital of the North.
  • West Iceland and Snæfellsnes Peninsula: Hraunfossar, Glymur, Kirkjufellsfoss, and other highlights such as the Snæfellsjökull glacier and the coastal village of Stykkishólmur.
  • Ring Road: An extended journey around Iceland's Ring Road, which will allow you to visit many of the waterfalls and attractions mentioned in this guide.

Guide to waterfalls in Iceland

Frequently Asked Questions About Iceland Waterfalls

Can I drink the water from the waterfalls?

While Iceland is known for its clean and pure water, it's generally not recommended to drink directly from the waterfalls, as the water may contain bacteria or other contaminants. Stick to tap water or natural springs for drinking.

Are drones allowed at the waterfalls?

Drone usage in Iceland is regulated and may be restricted in certain areas, such as national parks or near nesting birds. Always check for local rules and regulations before flying a drone, and be respectful of the environment and other visitors.

Are Iceland’s waterfalls accessible for people with limited mobility?

Some of Iceland's waterfalls are easily accessible and have well-maintained paths suitable for people with limited mobility. However, many waterfalls require hiking or walking on uneven terrain, which may not be suitable for everyone. Research each waterfall beforehand to determine its accessibility.

Behold Iceland’s Waterfalls

Iceland's waterfalls are a testament to the country's extraordinary natural beauty and geological diversity. With thousands of waterfalls to discover, ranging from the world-famous to hidden gems, there's no shortage of awe-inspiring sights to experience.

Whether you're a first-time visitor or a returning traveler, this comprehensive guide to Iceland waterfalls will help you plan and enjoy a truly unforgettable journey.

By immersing yourself in the enchanting world of Icelandic waterfalls, you'll not only witness the power and grace of these natural wonders but also create lifelong memories and a deeper appreciation for the beauty of our planet.

To explore these breathtaking sights at your own pace, consider a car rental in Iceland for the ultimate freedom and flexibility. So pack your bags, grab your camera, and get ready to embark on an incredible adventure exploring the waterfalls of Iceland.